Fecal microbiota transplantation derived from Alzheimer's disease mice worsens brain trauma outcomes in young C57BL/6 mice

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) cause neuroinflammation, exaggerated immune response, and, consequently, neurodegeneration. The gut microbiome is an essential modulator of the immune system, impacting in the brain. There are not effective treatments for TBI, therefore, modulating the gut microbiome may shed novel therapeutics for the damaged brain. Also, in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the microbiota has been associated with a lack of diversity, which negatively modulates the immune system. This study aimed to determine whether the gut microbiota from AD mice exacerbates neurological deficits after TBI in young mice. For this purpose, we performed fecal microbiota transplants from AD (FMT-AD) mice into young C57BL/6 (wild-type, WT) mice following TBI. Thus, FMT-AD and fecal microbiota transplants from healthy controls (FMT-young) were administered orally to young WT mice after the TBI occurred. We first determined the gut microbiota diversity and composition by analyzing fulllength 16S rRNA sequences from mouse fecal samples using the Oxford Nanopore MinION technology. We collected the blood, brain, and gut tissues for protein and immunohistochemical analysis. Our results showed that FMT-AD treatment stimulates a higher relative abundance of Muribaculum intestinal and a decrease in Lactobacillus johnsonii compared FMT-young treatment in WT mice. Furthermore, WT mice exhibited larger lesion volumes, increased the number of activated microglia/macrophages cells, and reduced motor recovery after FMT-AD compared to FMT-young one day after TBI. Thus, the gut microbiota from AD mice not only aggravates the neuroinflammatory response and motor recovery, but also increases the lesion size after TBI in young WT mice.

Publication
Qi Wang
Qi Wang
PhD student

Dr. Wang finished her PhD in the Treangen Lab December 2021. Previously, Dr. Wang obtained B.S. degrees in Biotechnology from Hong Kong Baptist University and MS in Biotechnology from Northwestern University. During her undergraduate, she did research in University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing University of Chemical Technology and Capital Medical University, focusing on using bioinformatics and experimental approaches to solve various life science problems, including synthetic biology, developmental biology, oncology and drug discovery. Her interest is to improve human health and environment by understanding complex biology data.

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