Mining SARS-CoV-2 Interhost and Intrahost Genomic Variation


The COVID-19 pandemic has sparked an urgent need to uncover the underlying biology of this devastating disease. Though RNA viruses mutate rapidly, there are a relatively small number of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that differentiate the main SARS-CoV-2 clades that have spread throughout the world. In this study, we investigated over 7,000 SARS-CoV-2 datasets to unveil both intrahost and interhost diversity. Our intrahost and interhost diversity analyses yielded three major observations. First, the mutational profile of SARS-CoV-2 highlights iSNV and SNP similarity, albeit with high variability in C>T changes. Second, iSNV and SNP patterns in SARS-CoV-2 are more similar to MERS-CoV than SARS-CoV-1. Third, iSNVs can be used to improve sensitivity of diagnostic assay designs. Altogether, our findings provide insight into SARS-CoV-2 genomic diversity and inform the design of detection tests.

Oct 26, 2020 1:00 PM — 1:15 PM
Rice University
6100 Main St, Houston, TX 77005
Check out the SARS-CoV-2 Intrahost diversity preprint here
Dr. Nicolae Sapoval
Dr. Nicolae Sapoval
PhD student

Dr. Sapoval received his Ph.D. in Computer Science from Rice University in May 2024. Previously he obtained a B.S. degree in Computer Science and a B.S. with Honors in Mathematics from the University of Chicago. At the University of Chicago Nick worked in wireless networks research and later in computational biophysics focusing on conformational transition modeling for insulin degrading enzyme. His current interests are in the areas of computational biology with a focus on genomic data.